Top Walker Safety Tips for Seniors

Posted by Haley Kotwicki on March 2, 2017 at 10:00 AM

Walkers can help seniors remain independent and safe by providing stability and assurance. If not used properly, though, walkers and other assistive walking devices can cause the accidents they were meant to prevent. It’s crucial to select a walker suited to your needs, learn how to use it correctly and maintain the walker's integrity.

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Talk to your doctor or physical therapist about design options available, what’s best for your medical condition and appropriate use. There are numerous styles, including:

  • Hemi walker
  • Standard/folding walker
  • Two-wheel/ front-wheel walker
  • Three-wheel walker/ three-wheel rollator
  • Four-wheel walker/ four-wheel rollator

Each walker provides a different level of stability and strength, so measure your needs before purchasing or renting a walker.

Hemi walker: is not like a standard walker. Rather, it is used like a cane but offers more support. A hemi walker would benefit cane users who need a wider base for stability, those who have weakness on one side or have use of one arm exclusively.

Standard/folding walker: is what most people imagine when they think of a walker. This can bear the weight of the user. Those who can’t place weight on their foot or leg would find this desirable. Although it’s sturdy, a standard walker is lightweight and portable. Despite that, this walker can be cumbersome because the user has to lift it as they move, which can exhaust their arms. To avoid this, some people place tennis balls on the tips so the walker can glide across the floor. Keep in mind that tennis balls won’t run smoothly over carpeting, and it can be a trip hazard when moving along uneven floors.

Two-wheel/front-wheel walker: has two large wheels in the front and rubber tips on the back. You can purchase skis for the back legs that makes it easier to slide along, so no lifting is required. It is also foldable and easy to carry. Although the wheels are a definite perk, they may cause falls for those who need to place their whole weight on the walker. Therefore, this walker is best used for additional balance.

Three-wheel walker/three-wheel rollator: looks more like a scooter than a walker due to its hand brakes and sportier look. Some are equipped with a basket and/or bag to hold belongings. Some models can fold and the wheels are durable enough for outside use. Because it has only three wheels, this walker can fit through narrow doorways and can turn tight corners in slim hallways.

Four-wheel walker/four-wheel rollator: is one of the most popular walkers. The four-wheel’s differentiator is its bench seat, so when users feel fatigued they can sit and rest or scoot with their legs. Like the three-wheel, it features hand brakes, basket for essentials and can be used indoors and outdoors. This type of walker is recommended for those who don’t have severe balance issues and can hold their own weight.

Sizing Your Walker

As a guideline, the handle of the walker should be aligned with the user’s wrist when the user is standing inside the walker. For the four-wheel walker, make sure the seat is not too high or too low, which can cause strain or discomfort. Always review the weight capacity because all walkers have varying weight limits. ComForCare and At Your Side Home Care’s director of nursing and accreditation, Sharon Holmes, recommends being fitted by a knowledgeable representative from a medical equipment company and not borrowing a walker from friends or neighbors because it may not be suitable or maintained.

Medicare and Walkers

Medicare Part B can cover the 80 percent of the cost of walkers and rollators if it is deemed medically necessary for treatment and is prescribed by a doctor. However, the supplier that provides the walkers and the doctor must be enrolled in Medicare. To learn more about walkers and other medical equipment, visit or speak with your physician.

Quick Tips

  1. Tape or attach a name tag or luggage tag to your walker, so it isn’t accidentally taken.
  2. If accompanying someone who uses a walker, walk beside or behind them. If they lose their balance, strength or focus, then you are right there to help.
  3. Jazz up your walker with colorful stickers, reflective tape, paint, etc. Just make sure the decorations won’t become trip hazards.
  4. Test-run the walker before you purchase it and make sure the hand breaks can engage.
  5. Always inspect the wheels or tips for junk or crud, especially if the walker is used outside or in public places. Anything stuck on the wheels or tips can make the walker wobbly.
  6. Replace tips, skis, slides or wheels if they become worn down, which can make them less effective.
  7. Choose a comfortable grip. Most walkers come with hard plastic grips; however, you may want to buy a softer or textured grip.
  8. Keep it clean by wiping down grips and wheels/tips to sanitize and remove germs.
  9. Customize your walker with a basket/bag, tray, flashlight or anything else that you may want or need.

Walkers can help seniors feel more independent and safe, which is our goal too. ComForCare/At Your Side Home Care caregivers receive training to assist those with walkers and other medical equipment to perform everyday activities, while still maintaining a high level of self-sufficiency and safety.

Let us help you live your best life possible. Call today for a in-home consultation: 800-886-4044

Topics: Aging, Fall Prevention, Safety, Healthy Living

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